This Compact is the result of an inclusive process to determine the priorities of Somalia for the next three years (2014-2016). The process, based on the Busan New Deal principles, was initiated in December 2012, by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the international community. In March 2013, the FGS and representatives of the Somali Federal Parliament, Somali civil society, the United Nations and the lead donor representative (European Union) established the High Level Task Force (HLTF) to guide and support this endeavour, on the basis of mutual accountability.
The priorities and principles presented in this Compact were developed on the basis of consultations with citizens, at the national level and with international partners. Citizens, civil society and parliament were consulted in Mogadishu, Baidoa, Galkayo and Garowe, culminating in a multistakeholder consultative meeting (September 2013) in Mogadishu, where validation of the Compact took place. The international community was part and parcel of providing support and input, through technical meetings, the HLTF and three Core group meetings (June, July and September 2013).
The challenges that Somalia faces are complex, multifaceted and differ according to various political, social and regional contexts. The strategy to address these challenges and effectively lead Somalia on a path of recovery, development and durable peace, must include: focused and committed leadership, solid government structures capable of delivering basic services, peoples’ trust, mediation and community participation, sound civic dialogue, and good and friendly international relations based on mutual respect.
The Somali Compact, a living document that reflects the ongoing process of transition and defines priority interventions to ensure the country stays on the path to long-term peace and statebuilding. The Compact lays a strong foundation for building reliable, transparent, accountable and functioning state institutions, respectful of the fundamental rights, freedoms and equality of its citizens. In this respect, the establishment of local and regional administrations and federal units, in the spirit of the provisional Constitution, are key milestones for a vibrant and stable Somalia.
The adoption of this Compact, which provides a new political, security and development architecture framing the future relations between Somalia, its people and the international community, embodies the spirit of our new partnership. The Compact presents specific priorities drawn from the Six Pillar Programme of the FGS, and further defined through consultative processes. It also reflects Puntland's commitment to contribute to peaceful, just and productive life for the whole of Somalia and its top priorities, drawn from the Puntland's second Five-year Development Plan. The Compact incorporates a Special Arrangement for Somaliland, which represents Somaliland’s PSG priorities and is the result of several consultations.
These priorities are framed by the five Peacebuilding and Statebuilding Goals (PSGs) of the New Deal and represent agreement on what is required to move towards peace and recovery. It aims to foster the resilience of Somali people and institutions, restoring the Somali people’s trust in the state and its ability to protect and serve their basic needs for inclusive politics, security, justice, an economic foundation and revenue and services, in full respect of human rights.
The Compact reinforces the dynamism of the Somali people and the linkages between the different layers of Somali society, the government and its international partners. It is a key political document that: strengthens the mutual commitments between the Federal Government and international partners; defines aid policy and principles; and sets out the framework for short and medium term sectoral reforms.
The Compact further recognizes the role women have played and will continue to play in community mobilization and peacebuilding in Somali society. It promotes their economic empowerment and participation in political and public decision making processes. The Compact also recognizes the need to address the development needs of the Somali population who are displaced inside the country, or returning from surrounding countries.
Ultimately, the success of this Compact will be measured by improvements in the lives of the Somali people. The August agreement with the Jubbas, the continued outreach to, and inclusion of, all regions and future Federal States, including Puntland, the September Vision 2016 conference and the conference of religious leaders, are all substantive contributions to this goal. The implementation of this Compact will facilitate the process of dialogue on the federal model of Somalia.
The immediate post-Brussels period will be key in translating commitments into actions; this will require refining identified milestones and broadening the national dialogue to ensure effective implementation of the Compact. The on-going Constitutional process and deepening of outreach and consultation must go hand-in-hand with the implementation and monitoring of the partnership principles. The establishment of the Somalia Development and Reconstruction Facility (SDRF) represents the preferred vehicle through which greater alignment of international aid, reduction of fragmentation and increased Somali ownership will be achieved.