Yemen is located in Southwest Asia, on the southwestern to southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen is the second largest country in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 km2 (203,850 sq mi). It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea to the south, and Oman to the east. North Yemen, independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1918, and South Yemen, from which the British withdrew in 1967, were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. Ali Abdullah Saleh, former President of North Yemen, was accepted as President of the new unified state. Since unification, the Middle Eastern country has experienced alternate periods of stability and conflict.
Following parliamentary elections in 1993, political disputes led to civil war breaking out in 1994 between the pro-union northern region and separatist southern region. The south declared its secession, but government forces from the north entered the southern capital city of Aden, declared peace, and granted amnesty to all those involved in the secessionist movement. In 1999, President Saleh ran for a new term in the country’s first popular presidential elections and received 96% of the vote. He was re-elected in 2006.
The Arab Spring in 2011 brought change to many countries in the region, including Yemen. Following public protests, violent clashes with security forces, and multiple assassination attempts, President Saleh stepped down in 2012 after 34 years in power. His deputy of 18 years, Vice President Abd Rabuh Mansur Hadi, assumed the presidency.
p>Amid this political instability, fighting broke out between the military and a northern Shia minority group known as the Houthis. In January 2015, Houthi rebels claimed control of Yemen’s northern capital and placed President Hadi under house arrest. Despite calls from the international community for a reversal, Houthis dissolved the current government and announced a new Houthi-led regime. President Hadi later fled to the southern city of Aden, where he denounced the coup, and then to Saudi Arabia, where he remains in exile.
As of mid-2015, the country has no functioning government, though President Hadi is still recognized by the international community as the head of state. President Hadi’s military, aided by allies including Saudi Arabia and the United States, continues to fight rebel groups to regain control of the capital. The UN estimated in July 2015 that more than 1,900 civilians have been killed and nearly 300,000 people are internally displaced. The conflict is exacerbated by the resurgence of al-Qaeda, which has taken advantage of current instability to establish a stronghold in Yemen.
Yemen became a member of g7+ in 2014, prior to the outbreak of the 2015 crisis.
||H.E. Abd Rabuh Mansur HADI
||H.E. Ali Mohsin Al-AHMAR
||H.E. Ahmad Obaid Bin DaGHIR
|Minister of Finance
||H.E. Ahmad Obaid Al-Fadhli
|g7+ Focal Point
||Mr. Shuaib Ali Abdullah Al-Zaghir Chief of Technical Office, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, Republic of Yemen.