Sierra Leone, a West African country bordered by Atlantic ocean, Guinea and Liberia, gained independence in 1961. After a series of coups and a 13-year period as a one-party state, civil war broke out in 1991, ignited by a violent campaign led by Liberia’s Charles Taylor-backed Revolutionary United Front against Sierra Leone’s President Momoh.
Following several ceasefires and peace deals, a failed UN intervention, 50,000 deaths, and more than 2 million people displaced, war was declared over in 2002. Disarmament and rehabilitation of civil war combatants was officially completed in 2004, and the last UN peacekeeping troops left the country one year later. In 2012, Sierra Leone held its third democratic election since the end of the civil war, consolidating the reconstruction process. In March 2014, the closure of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Loene marked the end of more than 15 years of peacekeeping and political operation in Sierra Leone.
A state of emergency was declared in July 2014 after the outbreak of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. More than 12,000 Sierra Leoneans were diagnosed with Ebola, and more than 3,900 died. The crisis destabilized the nation’s already fragile health system, overwhelmed the social services infrastructure, and damaged economic productivity and output. The rate of new diagnoses slowed in mid-2015, and is continuing to improve. The government’s priorities include furthering development – including recovering from Ebola epidemic, creating jobs and building a strong and effective institutions.
||H.E. Julius Maada BIO
||H.E. Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh
|Minister of Planning and Economic Development and chair of g7+
||H.E. Francis Mustapha Kai-Kai
|g7+ Focal Point
||Ms. Abie KAMARA, Director Aid Coordination
New Deal Implementation
Sierra Leone joined the g7+ in 2010 and has endorsed the New Deal. Sierra Leone is one of seven pilot countries implementing the New Deal. It completed a Fragility Assessment in 2012 (revised in 2014), established a PSG indicator framework, and adopted a Compact/Mutual Accountability Framework in early 2014.