Afghanistan, a landlocked country located in south Asia and central Asia bordered by Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan to the north, Iran in west, Pakistan in east and south and it has a small stretch of border in north east with both China and Kashmir. Strategically located at the crossroads of major trade routes, it has experienced periods of instability and conflict since independence in 1919. Following the Soviet intervention in 1979, civil war resulted in over one million deaths. Unrest and violence continued after Western military intervention in 2001.
A transitional Afghan government was formed in 2001 under President Hamid Karzai, and the UN Security Council established an International Security Assistance Force to assist the Government of Afghanistan in provision of basic security. A new government was democratically elected in 2004. In 2008, the government adopted a five-year National Development Strategy focusing on security, governance and rule of law, and economic and social development.
Following presidential elections in April 2014, Dr. Ashraf Ghani became President of Afghanistan. The NATO coalition forces transferred full responsibility for security to the Afghan military at the end of 2014. Steps towards a negotiated peace agreement between the government and Taliban representatives began in 2012 and continued until now.
||H.E. Dr. Mohammad Ashraf GHANI
|First Vice President
||H.E. Abdul Rashid DOSTAM
|Second Vice President
||H.E. Sarwar DANESH
|Minister Of Finance
||H.E. Mohammad Humayon Qayoumi
|g7+ Focal Point
||Ms. Salma Alokozai - Director of National Priority Program Coordination, Policy Department, Ministry of Finance.
“We must plan to move our country beyond its history of war and poverty and begin the long journey to prosperity” Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework 2017 – 2021
New Deal Implementation
Afghanistan joined the g7+ in 2010 and had been an active member of the group. Afghanistan endorsed the New Deal in 2011, and was a co-chair of the Working Group on New Deal Implementation. In 2012, the government adopted a Mutual Accountability Framework, a compact that builds on New Deal TRUST and FOCUS principles. A New Deal study, which will use the key principles and approach of a fragility assessment to analyse progress in meeting the PSGs, was launched in 2014 and continued throughout 2015, the report then published in 2016.